Central Body for Suppression of Trafficking in Persons (CBTIP)
Human Trafficking, commonly referred to as a modern form of slavery, is widely spread across in almost all countries around the world. It is estimated that 1.2 million People are forced and trafficked into prostitution, entertainment sector, production sector, fishing industry and agricultural sector. In Asia, South East Asia is identified as a sub-region with the highest prevalence of human trafficking. It is learned that in the six countries of the Greater Mekong Sub-region about three hundred thousands of women and children are being trafficked each year.
This problem is being combated regionally as well as nationally with plans and programs that enjoy priority. However, we learnt that this problem is still thriving and growing.
Myanmar considers the problem of human trafficking as a national concern and has strived to prevent at all cause since 1997. We have not only cooperated with regional organizations and projects such as ASEAN, BIMSTEC, COMMIT and ARTIP but had also signed bilateral agreements with neighboring countries like China and Thailand for cooperation in combating trafficking. In 2004, Myanmar became a member of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its protocols. The Anti Trafficking in Persons Law was promulgated in 2005, and the Anti Trafficking bodies were established at all levels and vested authorities to act accordingly. Myanmar laid down a Five-Year National Plan of Action to Combat Human Trafficking (2007 - 2011) to undertake preventive interventions and has increased measures, step by step, in taking legal action, protecting trafficked victims and in building the capacities of key actors.
Forms of Human Trafficking cases found in GMS countries including Myanmar
1. Sexual Exploitation
2. Labour Exploitation
3. Debt Bondage
5. Forced Marriage
6. Organ Removal
7. Forced Service
9. Child Trafficking
10. Forced Adoption
11. Child Soldier
12. Forced Service in Fishing Boat
13. Forced Begging